Development Cooperation Policy Plan for 2007

19.06.2015. 11:02

Development Cooperation Policy Plan for 2007 

Pursuant to Order No. 107 of the Cabinet of Ministers (hereafter - CM) "On Basic Principles for the Development Cooperation Policy of the Republic of Latvia" of 19.02.2003, as well as subsequent amendments[1], the following areas of activities have been identified to achieve the objectives of the Development Cooperation Policy:

  • bilateral cooperation with developing countries as well as countries in the transition period from a planned economy to a free market economy;
  • cooperation with third countries - active implementers of the development policies;
  • public information campaigns and informative events focusing on the objectives and priorities of the Development Cooperation Policy;
  • participation in projects, programmes and policies of international organisations as well as cooperation in implementing humanitarian aid programmes;
  • Latvia's participation in the European Union (hereafter - EU) development policy.

The Development Cooperation Policy Plan for 2005 (hereafter - Plan 2005), which was approved by CM Order No. 594 of 31.08.2004, and the Development Cooperation Policy Plan for 2006 (hereafter - Plan 2006), approved by CM Order No. 771 of 30.10.2005, were the first steps in implementing Latvia's Development Cooperation Policy. These documents set out the objectives and projects in the areas of activity mentioned above, except for Latvia's participation in the EU development policy[2] and implementation of humanitarian aid programmes, and prioritised bilateral cooperation with recipient countries, and public information campaigns and informative projects focusing on the objectives and priorities of the Development Cooperation Policy.

The Development Cooperation Policy Programme of the Republic of Latvia 2006-2010, approved by CM Order No. 76 of 09.02.2006, aims at consolidating the international role of Latvia as a new donor, ensuring the extensive involvement of public administration and the general public in determining policy priorities and achieving objectives.

The programme sets out the following sub-targets for implementation of the Development Cooperation Policy during the period 2006-2010:

  • introduction of a mechanism for provision of planned bilateral/trilateral assistance, thus facilitating Latvia's foreign policy activities related to development cooperation issues;
  • contribution to the public support for the development cooperation targets and policy;
  • increase of Latvia's role as a new donor country and international obligations with respect to development cooperation.

Based on the Basic Principles of the Development Cooperation Policy of the Republic of Latvia, and the Development Cooperation Policy Programme of the Republic of Latvia 2006-2010, and continuing the work started in 2005 and 2006, the Development Cooperation Policy Plan for 2007 (hereafter - Plan 2007) sets out as the priority implementation of bilateral and trilateral cooperation projects as well as implementation of public information activities focusing on the objectives, priorities and Latvia's activities in order to form public awareness and support for a successful development and implementation of the Development Cooperation Policy.

In order to reach the defined bilateral and trilateral cooperation objectives, support will also be extended to projects from non-governmental organisations (hereafter - NGOs), private sector, local governments and state institutions, in the priority areas identified in Plan 2007.

At the request of other countries (including the use of the Latvia-Moldova Joint Committee mechanism), Latvian experts will be funded to share the Latvian experience of the transition period and provide consultations on the reform process. Similarly, seminars and study visits will be organised for representatives of recipient countries in Latvia.

In addition, specific development assistance projects will be supported for post-crisis situations in countries where Latvia is participating in peacekeeping missions. The activities proposed in Paragraphs 1.1.1, 3.1.1, 4.1.5, 5.1.5 of the Plan 2007 for Afghanistan and Kosovo will be implemented if an interdepartmental agreement is signed by the end of 2006, detailing a mechanism for implementing such activities.

Public support is of utmost importance in formulating and implementing the Development Cooperation Policy. It is therefore necessary to continue the work on informing the public, and much attention will be devoted to it also in 2007. In the area of communication, development studies and research projects, support will be given to public information activities, public opinion studies and participation in public information activities organised by other institutions and NGOs targeted at forming public opinion on development cooperation.

In the area of research projects, development studies and communication, support will be extended for research projects, and studies will be funded on issues of development cooperation and the New Neighbourhood Initiative. Similarly, support will be given to ensure the supply of information and to development studies initiatives, cooperating with Latvian schools, universities and public organisations. 

In addition, the legislative basis of Latvian Development Cooperation and the administrative capacity of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs will be enhanced.

Plan 2007 continues the activities started in 2005 and 2006, in terms of implementing the bilateral development cooperation programme in order to ensure in the foreseeable future the performance of Latvia's commitments as an EU member state, which were decided upon in the Council of European Union's External Relations Council conclusions 24.05.2005, "Accelerating Progress towards Achieving the Millennium Development Goals". For 2007, Latvia has set as priorities two of the areas outlined in the conclusions of the Council:

  • Improving the quality and effectiveness of assistance provided, promoting the good practice of donors, coordinating and harmonizing their activities and improving the economic sustainability of the increased funding for the objectives of development cooperation in the recipient countries.
  • Gradually increase funding for objectives of development cooperation[3]; pursuant to Paragraph 3 of CM Order No. 77 of 9 February 2006 "Conception for Increasing State Budget Financing for Implementation of the Development Cooperation Policy of the Republic of Latvia", a model of increased funding for development cooperation was supported, which anticipates reaching 0.1% of the GDP by the year 2010 for total Latvian development cooperation funding in accordance with the statistical reports of the Development Assistance Committee of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development. The objective set out in the Conception for 2007 is to reach LVL 770,000.

Since 2005, the identification of priority countries takes place in accordance with the Basic Principles for the Development Cooperation Policy approved by CM Order No. 107 of 19.02.2003, which identified the priority region - CIS and Balkan States.

Under Plan 2005 and Plan 2006, assistance was provided to Georgia and Moldova. Considering the limited financial means and in order to increase the effect of the assistance provided by Latvia, in 2007 it is essential for the Latvian Development Cooperation Policy to concentrate on a smaller number of cooperation countries. Therefore, Georgia, and Moldova are identified as priorities, in view of the previously established contacts, the direction of foreign policy of these countries, the wish expressed by these countries to cooperate with Latvia, the territorial proportions, the status of these countries as developing countries, and other aspects. In 2007, it is planned to start development cooperation activities in Ukraine. It is in the interests of Latvia to promote cooperation also with Belarus, however such cooperation can occur at present only in specific areas, for example, promotion of a democratic and civil society, environment protection and others. Within the limits of allocated funding, projects having sufficient merit may also be supported in other CIS countries in the interests of foreign policy. An important element in drawing up the plan is the EU New Neighbourhood Policy, which partly covers the Latvia's priority region.

In addition to the above mentioned countries, Afghanistan and Kosovo have been nominated for the implementation of development assistance projects in post-crisis situations.

In accordance with Paragraph 3 of CM Order No. 77 of 09.02.2006 "Conception for Increasing State Budget Financing for Implementation of the Development Cooperation Policy of the Republic of Latvia", it is necessary to allocate a total of LVL 770,000 from the national budget to implement Plan 2007. In addition to the LVL 150,000 included in the base expenditure of the Foreign Ministry, in 2007, it will be necessary to allocate a further LVL 620,000; a total of LVL 770,000. The anticipated source of funding is the national budget of the Republic of Latvia.

INFORMATIVE SECTION 

1. Objectives of development cooperation policy 

1.1. Objectives:

1.1.1 the following priority areas are identified for development cooperation projects of bilateral and trilateral cooperation:

            • support for state administration, local government and economic reform process; support for the European and Transatlantic integration process;
            • promotion of the development of democratic and civil society;
            • implementation of development assistance projects in countries where Latvia is participating in peacekeeping missions;
            • education, culture, social development, health, environmental protection;

1.1.2 funding of communication activities, development studies and research projects;

1.1.3 development of legislative basis, and strengthening a consolidated system in the area of Development Cooperation Policy.

2. Areas of activity to achieve objectives 

2.1. Bilateral and trilateral cooperation:

2.1.1 support for state, local government, private sector and NGO projects in priority areas listed in Paragraphs 1.1.1 and 1.1.2.

2.1.2 funding of Latvian experts at the request of other countries to share the Latvian experience of the transition period and provide consultations for implementing reforms;

2.1.3 seminars and study visits for representatives of recipient countries in Latvia

2.1.4 support for development assistance projects in post-crisis situations. 

2.2. Communication activities, development studies and research projects:

2.2.1 public information activities, involving the media and activities of volunteers;

2.2.2 support for research projects and funding of studies on issues of development cooperation and the New Neighbourhood Policy, public opinion poll;

2.2.3 participation in public information activities organised by other institutions and NGOs for forming public opinion on development cooperation, support for forming an information base;

2.2.4 support for initiatives in the area of development studies, cooperating with Latvian schools, universities and public organisations.

2.3.  Development of the legal basis of Latvian Development Cooperation by drafting new legislative enactments aimed to prepare a legal basis for implementing the Call for project proposals in 2007, and establishing a National Agency of Development Cooperation in 2008. In addition to drafting new legislative enactments, drafting amendments to existing legislation may be required.

3. Expected results

3.1.  Expected results:

3.1.1 in implementing bilateral and trilateral cooperation with countries in the area of providing development cooperation assistance:

          • NGOs, the private sector and individual experts will have an opportunity of participating in state-funded development cooperation projects;
          • Latvian expertise and comparative advantages in the area of development cooperation will be identified, and the assistance provided by Latvia will become more effective and will correspond to the development needs of recipient countries;
          • dialogue with developing and transition economy countries will be promoted, thus strengthening the status of Latvia as a successful donor country in the international assistance structure;
          • in providing assistance in post-crisis situations, aid will be extended to civilians, and safety of local communities will be promoted, where Latvian peacekeeping missions are operating. Such projects may increase support among local residents for the activities of Latvian military personnel within the international forces, and lessen the safety risk of mission members;

3.1.2.  funding communication activities, support for development studies and research projects:

          • communication activities will promote public awareness of the principles of development cooperation and Latvia's activities, will promote the knowledge of Latvian NGOs, private sector and individual experts and their involvement in issues of the Latvian development cooperation policy, including participation in formulating Latvia's development cooperation policy;
          • funding research projects on issues of development cooperation and the European New Neighbourhood Policy will promote a deeper understanding of the needs and problems of potential recipient countries, which will be used in programming development cooperation;
          • will promote participation of Latvian NGOs, the private sector and individual experts in international projects, and ensure consultative assistance for participation of these experts in international projects;
          • development studies will increase understanding of the problems of development cooperation and will contribute on a long term basis to the development of public opinion

3.1.3. the enhancement of the legislative basis of development cooperation:

          • the Law on Development Cooperation is approved by the Cabinet of Ministers and submitted to the Saeima (Latvian Parliament) for approval;
          • Cabinet of Ministers approves regulations on establishing a National Agency of Development Cooperation;
          • regulations on the Call for project proposals are drafted and approved by the Cabinet of Ministers on the basis of existing legislative enactments;
          • possible amendments to Cabinet of Ministers Regulations No. 991 of 20 December 2005, "Regulations of Development Cooperation Board" and Regulations No. 807 of 25 October 2005, "Regulation on the Introduction, Management, Monitoring and Control of Grant Programmes for Implementing of the Development Cooperation Policy". 

4. Steps for reaching the identified objectives, completion dates and result indicators for their assessment

4.1. For bilateral and trilateral cooperation:

4.1.1 The Ministry of Foreign Affairs allocates funding to embassies of the Republic of Latvia in Georgia, Belarus and Ukraine for support of projects from NGOs, private sector, local governments and state institutions:

          • the embassy initiates projects for Foreign Ministry approval;
          • in order to implement a project, the embassy signs an agreement with the project implementer or may implement the project itself;
          • the embassy performs project monitoring;
          • the Ministry of Foreign Affairs may assess the success of projects after their completion.

4.1.2 Two representatives of the priority countries identified under the Republic of Latvia's development cooperation are funded to attend the State Chancellery III International Public Administration Summer Institute in June/July 2007;

4.1.3 The Ministry of Foreign Affairs ensures organisation of Call for project proposals for support of NGO, private sector, local government and state institution projects:

          • the Ministry of Foreign Affairs drafts amendments to existing legislation or drafts new legislative acts for the effective functioning of the development cooperation programmes as required;
          • the Ministry of Foreign Affairs develops regulations and announces the Call for project proposals;
          • the Ministry of Foreign Affairs ensures the establishment commissions for the evaluation of project applications, performs project monitoring, and regularly prepares grant programme monitoring reports;
          • Development Cooperation Board (hereafter: the Board) makes decisions on the implementation of development cooperation projects;
          • the Ministry of Foreign Affairs may ensure assessment of project success after the end of project implementation.
          • 4.1.4 the Ministry of Foreign Affairs supports technical assistance projects for the support of projects from NGOs, private sector, local government and state institutions:
          • the Ministry of Foreign Affairs drafts amendments to existing legislation or drafts new legislation for the effective functioning of technical assistance programmes as required;
          • the Ministry of Foreign Affairs makes decisions on the implementation of technical assistance projects expected to costless than LVL 2,000, and the Board makes decisions on the implementation of technical assistance projects expected to cost more than LVL 2,000.
          • the Ministry of Foreign Affairs may ensure assessment of project success after the end of project implementation.

4.1.5 Implementing development cooperation projects in Afghanistan and Kosovo:

          • the Ministry of Defence provides consultations and studies the opportunities for project implementation;
          • the Ministry of Defence submits a project to the Board for approval;
          • the Ministry of Foreign Affairs signs an agreement with the project implementer;
          • the Ministry of Foreign Affairs ensures project monitoring.

Activities for achieving identified objectives

Performance deadlines

Result indicators

FOR BILATERAL AND TRILATERAL COOPERATION

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs allocates funding to embassies of the Republic of Latvia in Georgia, Belarus and Ukraine for support of projects from NGOs, private sector, local governments and state institutions

December 31, 2007

Embassy projects in Georgia: 3;

Embassy projects in Belarus: 6;

Embassy projects in Moldova and Ukraine: 6;

Support for the III International Public Administration Summer Institute organised by the State Chancellery

June 30, 2007

Two representatives of the priority countries identified under the Republic of Latvia's development cooperation are funded to attend the State Chancellery III International Public Administration Summer Institute

The Call for project  proposals

December  31, 2007

Development Cooperation Board determines the number of Calls for project proposals

Technical assistance projects to support projects of NGOs, private sector, local governments and state institutions

December  31, 2007

7 technical assistance projects are to be implemented

4.2. Communication activities, development studies and research projects:

4.2.1. Providing support for the membership of Latvian NGOs in the international network and covering administrative costs of Latvian Platform for development cooperation;

4.2.2. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs organises the Call for project proposals (priorities: "Communication activities", "Development studies", "Media initiatives") for the support of communication activities, development studies and research projects:

          • the Ministry of Foreign Affairs drafts amendments to existing legislation or drafts new legislation for the effective functioning of development cooperation programmes as required;
          • the Ministry of Foreign Affairs prepares  regulations and announces the Call for project proposals;
          • the Ministry of Foreign Affairs ensures the establishment of commissions for the evaluation of project applications, performs project monitoring, and regularly prepares grant programme monitoring reports;
          • the Board makes decisions on the implementation of development cooperation projects;
          • the Ministry of Foreign Affairs may ensure assessment of project success following project implementation.

4.2.3.  public opinion survey on attitude towards the issues of development cooperation;

4.2.4. support for initiatives of Latvian volunteers in Latvian development cooperation priority countries;

4.2.5. support for initiatives of media representatives to inform the Latvian public on current events in development cooperation priority countries.

4.2.6. purchase of teaching material on development cooperation issues;

4.2.7 support to organise World Food Programme Walk the World event - a public information project - in 2007.

Activities for achieving identified objectives

Performance deadlines

Result indicators

FOR COMMUNICATION ACTIVITIES, DEVELOPMENT STUDIES AND RESEARCH PROJECTS

Providing support for the membership of Latvian NGOs in the international network and covering administrative costs of Latvian Platform for development cooperation;

December 31, 2007

NGOs included in the international network; administrative costs are paid

Call for project proposals

December 31, 2007

The Development Cooperation Board determines the number of Calls for project proposals

Public opinion survey on the attitude towards development cooperation issues

June 30, 2007

Public opinion survey is carried out

Support for initiatives of Latvian volunteers in Latvian development cooperation priority countries

December 31, 2007

3 Latvian representatives participate in international volunteer projects in the area of development cooperation

Support for initiatives of media representatives to inform the Latvian public on current events in development cooperation priority countries

December 31, 2007

4-6 publications annually in the major Latvian media;

2 journalist visits to project implementation locations

Purchase of teaching material on development cooperation issues

December 31, 2007

8-10 books or other educational materials will be bought

Support to organise World Food Programme Walk the World

May 2007

Number of people involved in the project: 40- 50

4.3. The Law on Development Cooperation is approved by the Cabinet of Ministers and forwarded to the Saeima for approval; the Cabinet of Ministers approves regulations on establishing a National Agency for Development Cooperation, Cabinet of Ministers approves regulations for Call for project proposals.

Activities for achieving identified objectives

Performance deadlines

Result indicators

Draft the Law on Development Cooperation for submission to the Cabinet of Ministers and forwarding to the Saeima

December 31, 2007

The Saeima enacts the Law on Development Cooperation

Draft Regulations on establishing the National Agency of Development Cooperation for submission to the Cabinet of Ministers

December 31, 2007

The Cabinet of Ministers approves Regulations on establishing the National Agency of Development Cooperation

Draft regulations for the Call for project proposals for submission to Cabinet of Ministers

March 30, 2007

Cabinet of Ministers approves regulations for the Call for project proposals

Draft possible amendments to Cabinet of Ministers Regulations No. 991 of 20 December 2005 Regulations on Development Cooperation Board and Cabinet of Ministers Regulations No. 807 of 25 October 2005, Regulations on Introduction, Management, Monitoring and Control of Grant Programmes for Implementing Development Cooperation

December 31, 2007

Cabinet of Ministers approves required amendments

5.Additional funding needed for implementation of Plan 2007

According to Clause 3 of CM Order No. 77 of 9 February 2006 On the Conception for Increasing of the State Budget Financing for Implementation of the Development Cooperation Policy of the Republic of Latvia 2006-2010", it is necessary to allocate, LVL 770,000 from the national budget for the implementation of Plan 2007. In addition to the LVL 150,000 included in the basic expenditure of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, it is necessary to allocate a further LVL 620,000, making a total of LVL 770,000. The anticipated source of funding is the National Budget of the Republic of Latvia.

From the anticipated LVL 770,000:

5.1 for bilateral and trilateral cooperation projects 85% (LVL 654,500) of the total available funding, including, in order of priorities:

5.1.1. embassy projects in Georgia: LVL 7,000, Belarus: LVL 32,000, and Ukraine (for projects in Ukraine and Moldova): LVL 25,000.

5.2.2. State Chancellery III International Public Administration Summer Institute: LVL 5,000;

5.1.3. Call for project proposals: LVL 510,000;

5.1.4 technical assistance projects: LVL 44,700;

5.1.5 civil assistance projects in Afghanistan and Kosovo: LVL 30,800.

5.2 Support for communication activities, development studies and research projects 15% (LVL 115,500) of the total available funding, including in order of priority:

5.2.1. membership of NGOs in the international network, and covering the administrative costs of activities in area of development cooperation: LVL 9,920;

5.2.2. Call for project proposals: LVL 80,850;

5.2.3. public opinion survey on the attitude towards development cooperation issues: LVL 1,700;

5.2.5. support for initiatives of Latvian volunteers in Latvian development cooperation priority countries: LVL 11,780;

5.2.6 support for initiatives of media representatives to inform the Latvian public on current events in development cooperation priority countries: LVL 10,550;

5.2.7. purchase of teaching material (books) on issues of development cooperation: LVL 300;

5.2.8 support for organising World Food Programme event Walk the World in 2007: LVL 400.

6. Responsibility

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs is responsible for implementation of the Plan 2007.

7. Reporting procedure

Pursuant to Paragraph 3.3 of the CM Order No. 107 of 19 February 2003 "On Basic Guidelines for the Development Cooperation Policy of the Republic of Latvia", the Ministry of Foreign Affairs is to submit to the CM by 1 April, 2008 an informative report on the implementation of the Plan 2007. The informative report is to be prepared taking into consideration the projects listed in Clauses 4.1, 4.2 and 4.3 above to achieve the identified objectives, their result indicators and performance deadlines.

Minister of Foreign Affairs:     Artis Pabriks


 

[1] CM Order No. 230 of 13.04.2005, Amendments to CM Order No. 107 of 19.02.2003 "On Basic Principles for the Development Cooperation Policy of the Republic of Latvia"; CM Order No. 691 of 29.10.2003, Amendments to CM Order No. 107 of 19.02.2003, "On Basic Principles for the Development Cooperation Policy of the Republic of Latvia" and CM Order No. 339 of 28.05.2003, Amendments to CM Order 107 of 19.02.2003, "On Basic Principles for the Development Cooperation Policy of the Republic of Latvia".

[2] Latvia's participation in EU development policy - in the Council's working groups and committees and on the Council of Ministers - presently takes place according to CM Order No. 385 of 11 June 2003 "On Competence of Ministries and other State institutions in EU issues", CM Instruction No. 6 of 16 July 2005 "On procedure for drawing up and distribution of information of instructions related to Latvia's national position on EU issues", and CM Regulations No. 596 of 16 July 2005 "On procedure for development, approval and representation of the national position of the Republic of Latvia on EU issues".  

[3] Council of European Union's External Relations Council conclusions of 24.05.2005 stipulate the objective to increasing funding for development cooperation, with a collective EU target of 0.56% of GNI by 2010, ensuring that each EU member state reaches at least 0.51% of its GNI, taking into account that countries which have become member states after 2002, Latvia among them, reach at least 0.17% of their GNI.